Criminological Theories Independent Study

Introduction, and Sequence of Topics and Readings for 4+1 Students Fall 2017

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DATE OF LAST UPDATE: 8/31/2017

This page describes the sequence of topics and readings for the Fall 2017Graduate Course in Theories of Crime and Deviance for 4+1 MA Students.

This page is online at www.rbtaylor.net/406_fa17_sequence.html

WHAT APPLIES

You should assume that all the policies and procedures described for the FALL 2016 graduate course in theories of crime and deviance apply to this independent study.

All of those policies and procedures can be found at http://www.rbtaylor.net/406_fa16_main.html

The above link will take your there. You want to read all of that text with great care, since all of it, except what counts for the course grade, applies here. Make special note of issues of academic misconduct and the definition of a seminar.

ANYTHING ON BLACKBOARD?

Given the switch to CANVAS, I have not yet decided what to put on Blackboard. Stay tuned.

WHAT WILL I BE GRADED ON?

We are evolving the course requirements through a more participatory process than usual.

I am building a page with the course requirements:CLICK HERE - this takes you to this page - www.rbtaylor.net/406_fa17_grades.html

WHERE ARE THE QUESTIONS?

Each week, except the first week when you read two different chapters from two different undergraduate criminological theory textbooks, you are going to read most of a book. There are questions that you want to think about as you go through each book.

You can find those questions here:

http://www.rbtaylor.net/406_fa16_questions_readings.html

You will see that the question pages also have links to introductory comments about the theory at the top, and, at the bottom, takeaway comments.

WHAT DO WE DO WITH THE QUESTIONS?

You do the readings with the questions printed out beside you. You make notes when you come to material in the reading that seems relevant to the question posed.

You should try and make notes about all the questions in the question list that are highlighted as important, either because they are in bold, or because I say they are important questions.

WHAT WILL HELP ME PROCESS THE MATERIAL BETTER BEFORE CLASS?

You will write thoughtful answers to one or two important questions about each week's reading(s). You will write at least 200 words but no more than 400 words. You will type up what you are saying, double spaced, and will come to class with two copies of what you have written. You will distribute copies of what you have written to the rest of the class at the beginning of each class.

Treat this as low stakes writing. I will explain this idea.

WHAT WILL HELP ME PROCESS THE MATERIAL BETTER AFTER CLASS?

You will re-read and more importantly re-write the notes that you take during class. This will help you better gauge what material you understood and what material remains elusive.

DO THE WEEKLY WRITING ASSIGNMENTS COUNT AS PART OF MY SEMESTER GRADE?

The weekly writings will be graded as follows. Each weekly writing receives a grade from me of "pass" or "fail." We can talk more about what is needed for a pass. Most importantly, I am looking for thoughtful reflection on something important in the theory, or its application, or its implications. Each fail gets a chance to be revised once. If you get a fail, I will tell you why. You will need to accumulate fourf passes on weekly writing to earn full credit for this part of the course.

CAN WE COME SEE YOU FOR OFFICE HOURS?

Of course!. I am finalizing these times now and will let you know.

They may be shifted depending on monthly department faculty meeting times.

All are welcome, and it is a FIFO system. If those times do not work, let's set up something else.

WHERE AND WHEN DO WE MEET?

We meet12:00 noon - 2:45 in the 5th floor conference room. There may be occiasions when that room is needed for other activities, in which case we will shift to my office, 537 Gladfelter.

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY MEETINGS IN PHILADELPHIA IN NOVEMBER THE WEEK BEFORE THANKSGIVING, WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY

Consider yourself lucky. You are studying criminological theory the same semester that the best scholars from all around the country, maybe from all around the globe, maybe from all around the Milky Way Galaxy, will be speaking in Philadelphia about criminological theories.

Wow!

We will integrate this into our course in at least one way, and perhaps more.

On Thursday, November 16 you will attend class by attending either a paper session or a poster session at the ASC conference at the Convention Center.

We will talk about

 

HERE IS THE LIST OF BOOKS

You are going to be reading a substantial section from each of the books listed below. For some books, you will be reading all the chapters. For other books, you will be reading most. For others, you will be reading some. If you want to save, try used books

You can find the list of books we are reading this semester here:

REQUIRED

Garland, D. (2002). The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. $25

Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Stanford: Stanford
University Press. $23.

Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency (Transaction Publishers 2002 edition ed.). Berkeley:
University of California Press. ISBN: 0765809001  9780765809001 $28

Laub, J., & Sampson, R. J. (2003). Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives: Delinquent Boys to Age
70. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN: 0674011910. $25

Peterson, R.D., and Krivo, L.J. (2010). Divergent Social Worlds: Neighborhood crime and the racial-spatial divide. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.  $25

Messner, S. F., & Rosenfeld, R. (2001). Crime and the American Dream. Monterey: Wadsworth.

Sampson, R. J. (2012). Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect.
Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
$24

Satel, S., & Lilienfeld, S. (2013). Brainwashed: The Seductive Appeal of Mindless Neuroscience. New York: Basic Books.
$16.99 paperback - DO NOT BUY THIS BOOK YET - I AM PROBABLY GOING TO PUT IN A SUBSTITUTE INSTEAD - STAY TUNED

Singer, S. (2014). America's Safest City: Delinquency and Modernity in Suburbia. New York: New York University Press.

Sutherland, E. H. (1983). White Collar Crime: The Uncut Version. New Haven: Yale University Press. $34 Be sure to get uncut version

Wikstrom, P.-O. H., Oberwittler, D., Treiber, K., & Hardie, B. (2012). Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime.  Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
$41 paperback

RECOMMENDED
(You MAY find Akers and Sellers, any edition, quite helpful. I will explain in class.

Akers, R. L., & Sellers, C. S. (2012). Criminological Theories. (6th Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Paperback.

Paternoster, R., & Bachman, R. (Eds.). (2001). Explaining criminals and crime. Los Angeles: Roxbury.

AND HERE IS THE SEQUENCE OF READINGS

 

Date

Topic and Readings (readings are to be done BY that week)
(Bb) means reading can be found on Blackboard site
If individual chapters or page numbers are NOT listed, that means read the entire volume.

8/31

There is reading that needs to be done by this first class.
Either:
Paternoster, R., & Bachman, R. (Eds.). (2001). Explaining criminals and crime. Los Angeles: Roxbury. Chapter 1
Or:
Akers, R. L., & Sellers, C. S. (2012). Criminological Theories. (6th Edition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Chapter 1

NOTE: Over the course of the semester, you probably want to work through one of these books. Here is the main difference. Paternoster is descriptive. Akers is descriptive and critical. The critical part you may find helpful.

TOPICS. Course introduction. Purpose. Requirements. What is a seminar? Why this approach. How to succeed in this course. How to fail. What is crime theory? Varieties of crime theory. Approaching theory with your own predliections. How to code and decode theory. Some meta-theory basics. Evaluating Theory

9/7

MACRO-LEVEL - COMMUNITY CRIME DIFFERENCES - CULTURE
TOPIC: Collective efficacy, crime, the neighborhood effect, and selection
READING: Sampson,Great American City: Chicago and the Enduring Neighborhood Effect
READ ONLY chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 15 << LIST OF CHAPTERS CHANGED

9/14

MACRO-LEVEL - COMMUNITY CRIME DIFFERENCES - STRUCTURE
TOPIC: The racial spatial divide and community crime differences: What are the sources of community crime rate differences between White and African-American urban neighborhoods?
READING: Peterson & Krivo,Divergent Social Worlds

9/21

SUPRA-MACRO-LEVEL - INTERNATIONAL DIFFERENCES IN SERIOUS CRIME
TOPIC: How do cultural variations and institutional differences explain international serious crime differences? IAT
READING: Messner, S. F., & Rosenfeld, R. (2000). Crime and the American dream (Third ed.). Monterey: Wadsworth.

9/28

CRIME IN GROUP CONTEXT PART I: WHITE COLLAR CRIME
Sutherland, E. H. (1983). White Collar Crime: The Uncut Version. New Haven: Yale University Press.
READ ONLY: Preface, chapters 1,2,3,4,14,15

10/5

CRIME IN GROUP CONTEXT PART II: ORGANIZED CRIME AND NETWORKS (These readings will be available ... STAY TUNED....)
(1) Haller, M. (2013). The Bruno Family in Philadelphia: Organized crime as a regulatory agency (Chapter 6). In M. G. Yeager (Ed.), Illegal Enterprise: The Work of Historian Mark Haller (pp. 103-120). New York: University Press of America.
(2) Haller, M. (2013). Organized crime in urban society: Chicago in the Twentieth Century (Chapter 3). In M. G. Yeager (Ed.), Illegal Enterprise: The Work of Historian Mark Haller (pp. 35-60). New York: University Press of America.

RECOMMENDED (JUST THE INTRO)
(3) Smith, C. M., & Papachristos, A. V. (2016). Trust Thy Crooked Neighbor: Multiplexity in Chicago Organized Crime Networks. American Sociological Review, 81(4), 644-667. doi:10.1177/0003122416650149

10/12

 

CRIME IN CONTEXT, AN INTERACTIONIST VIEW: SITUATIONAL ACTION THEORY
Wikstrom, P.-O. H., Oberwittler, D., Treiber, K., & Hardie, B. (2012). Breaking Rules: The Social and Situational Dynamics of Young People's Urban Crime.  Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. (chapters 1, 2, 3, 7, 9)
RECOMMEND - Chapter 4 - skim to get a sense of the spatial patterning of land use and criminal activity
10/19

INDIVIDUAL LEVEL: THE BONDS
TOPIC: Bonds and control theory and delinquent acts
READ: Hirschi, T. (1969). Causes of delinquency (Transaction Publishers 2002 edition ed.). Berkeley: Unversity of California Press.
Chapters 1-12

10/26

INDIVIDUAL LEVEL IN CONTEXT: BONDS, MODERNITY AND A SAFE CITY
READ: Singer, S. (2014) America's Safest City: Delinquency and Modernity in Suburbia. New York: NYU Press. Chapters: TBA

11/2

INDIVIDUAL LEVEL: OVER TIME
TOPIC: Individuals and personal history: The Life course perspective
READ: Laub, J., & Sampson, R. J. (2003). Shared Beginnings, Divergent Lives: Delinquent Boys to Age 70. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

11/9

INDIVIDUAL LEVEL: CRIMINOGENIC TENDENCIES
TOPIC: General Theory of Crime
READING: Gottfredson, M., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
- Chs. 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 12

11/16 ATTEND ASC CONFERENCE
11/23 THANKSGIVING BREAK
11/30

REACTIONS TO THE BREAKING OF LAWS
Garland, D. (2002). The Culture of Control: Crime and Social Order in Contemporary Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press

12/7

BIO CRIM READING

BENEATH THE INDIVIDUAL: BIOCRIMINOLOGY
Raine, A. (2013). The Anatomy of Violence. New York City: Pantheon Books. READ INTRO AND CHAPTERS 1-9

Note - TO GET TO QUESTIONS, INTRO COMMENTS, AND TAKEAWAY COMMENTS, USE THE LINK BELOW

http://www.rbtaylor.net/406_fa14_q_raine.html

 

LAST DAY OF CLASSES 12/11

STUDY DAYS 12/12-12/13 TUESDAY ADN WEDNESDAY
EXAM PERIOD:
12/14 - 12/20